The NBCE uses reference texts that are generally employed by the chiropractic colleges. This list of references will be in use for the October 2021 Exam, and is presented to assist you in preparing for NBCE examinations; however, study of the following references will not guarantee that you will pass NBCE examinations. Moreover, this list is not comprehensive and does not imply that references not included on this list are inappropriate or of lesser value or quality than references that are included.
Ball, J.W., Dains, J.E., Flynn, J.A., Solomon, B.S., Stewart, R.W. (2023). Seidel’s Guide to Physical Examination (10th ed.). Edinburgh; Elsevier.
Belanger, A. (2023). Therapeutic Electrophysical Agents: An Evidence-Based Handbook (4th ed.). Philadelphia; Wolters Kluwer.
Bergman, T.F., & Peterson, D.H. (2011). Chiropractic Technique: Principles and Procedures (3rd ed.). St. Louis; Mosby.
Bickley, L.S. (2021). Bates’ Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking (13th ed.). Philadelphia; Wolters Kluwer.
Blumenfeld, Hal (2022). Neuroanatomy through Clinical Cases (3rd ed.). Sunderland; Sinauer Association Inc..
Cipriano, J.J. (2010). Photographic Manual of Regional Orthopaedic and Neurologic Tests (5th ed.). Philadelphia; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Cox, J.M. (2011). Low Back Pain: Mechanism, Diagnosis and Treatment (7th ed.). Baltimore; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Donnelly, J.M., Fernandez-de-las-Penas, C., Finnegan, M., Freeman, J.L. (2019). Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual (3rd ed.). Philadelphia; Wolters Kluwer.
Evans, R.C. (2009). Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment (3rd ed.). St. Louis; Mosby.
Foreman, S.M. & Croft, A.C. (2002). Whiplash Injuries: The Cervical Acceleration/Deceleration Syndrome (3rd ed.). Baltimore; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Giangarra, C.E., & Manske, R.C. (2018). Clinical Orthopedic Rehabilitation: A Team Approach (4th ed.). Philadelphia; Mosby.
Haldeman, S. (2005). Principles and Practice of Chiropractic (3rd ed.). New York; McGraw-Hill Medical.
Hammer W. (2007). Functional Soft-Tissue Examination & Treatment by Manual Methods (3rd ed.). Sudbury; Jones and Barlett.
Hoppenfeld, J.D., Hoppenfeld, S. (2018). Orthopaedic Neurology: A Diagnostic Guide to Neurologic Levels (2nd ed.). Philadelphia; Wolters Kluwer.
Hoppenfield, S. (2014). Physical Examination of the Spine and Extremities. Edinburgh; Pearson International.
Liebenson, C. (2020). Rehabilitation of the Spine: A Patient-Centered Approach (3rd ed.). Philadelphia; Wolters Kluwer.
Magee, D.J., Manske, R.C. (2021). Orthopedic Physical Assessment (7th ed.). Philadelphia; Elsevier.
Marchiori, D.M. (2014). Clinical Imaging: With Skeletal, Chest and Abdomen Pattern Differentials (3rd ed.). St. Louis; Mosby.
McGill, S. (2016). Low Back Disorders: Evidence-Based Prevention and Rehabilitation (3rd ed.). Champaign; Human Kinetics.
Michaud, T.C. (2011). Human Locomotion: Conservative Management of Gait-Related Disorders. Newton, MA; Newton Biomechanics.
Pagana, K. D., Pagana, T. J., Pagana, T.N. (2022). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests (7th ed.). Edinburgh; Elsevier.
Papadakis, M.A., McPhee, S.J., & Rabow, M.W. (2023). Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2023 (62nd ed.). New York; McGraw-Hill Medical.
Porter, R. S., Kaplan, J. L. (2018). The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy (20th ed.). Whitehouse Station; Merck Research Laboratories.
Raymond, J. L., & Morrow, K. (2021). Krause and Mahan’s Food and the Nutrition Care Process (15th ed.). St. Louis; Elsevier.
Scott, R.W. (2013). Legal, Ethical, and Practical Aspects of Patient Care Documentation (4th ed.). Sudbury; Jones and Barlett.
Souza, T.A. (2016). Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor: Protocols and Algorithms (5th ed.). Sudbury; Jones and Barlett.
Starkey, C. (2013). Therapeutic Modalities (4th ed.). Philadelphia; F.A. Davis Company.
Taylor, J. A.M., Hughes, T.H. & Resnick, D. (2010). Skeletal Imaging: Atlas of the Spine and Extremities (2nd ed.). Philadelphia; Sanders
Yochum, T.R., & Rowe, L.J. (2005). Essentials of Skeletal Radiology (Vols. 1-2) (3rd ed.). Baltimore; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.